The Forsworn, also known as the Madmen of the Reach, are a faction of Reachmen formed following the Markarth Incident in 4E 176. The Forsworn claim that they are the true sons and daughters of the Reach, but are often considered "two septims short of a pint of ale".
Despite appearing primitive in nature, the Forsworn have proven to be an aggressive political force which has an astute grasp of insurgency warfare, and even have agents living among the populace of Markarth in secret. They directly oppose all other major political groups active in the Reach, including the Thalmor. They wish to drive both Nords and the Empire out of the Reach and attain independence.
 The Markarth Incident
In 4E 174, during the Great War, many of the outer provinces were abandoned by the Empire. The Reachmen long held that they were the true owners of the Reach, and for centuries begrudgingly accepted Nord rule. Seeing the perfect opportunity, a group of Reachmen rebelled against the Nords and captured the nearly undefended city of Markarth and all of the Reach in what would become known as the "Forsworn Uprising", creating an independent kingdom. According to Arrianus Arius, they administered the kingdom relatively peacefully, with only a few of the harshest Nord landowners put to death. After two years, their experiment with independence seemed largely successful, and the leaders of the Reachmen were beginning the process of seeking recognition from the Empire.
In 4E 176, desperate to retake the Reach, and with no Imperial Legions available due to the Great War, Skyrim enlisted the aid of a Nord militia led by Ulfric Stormcloak to retake the Reach by promising them free worship of Talos. In that year, the Nord militia successfully drove the Reachmen from the city of Markarth and reclaimed the Reach on behalf of Skyrim. Although Jarl Igmund claimed that the leaders of the Uprising refused their offers of peace, according to Arrianus no such offer was ever made, as Ulfric Stormcloak not only had anyone associated with the Forsworn executed after they surrendered, but also had anyone else executed without regard to race, age or gender if they had failed to assist the Nord militia in its campaign against the Forsworn.
 The Forsworn Emerge
The survivors of the uprising fled into the wilds of the Reach as the Forsworn. Their leader, Madanach, was secretly imprisoned by Thonar Silver-Blood in an attempt to leverage control over them. When the Imperial Legion and the Thalmor finally returned to the region, they discovered the Talos worship. Igmund was forced to arrest Ulfric and his men or risk outright war over religious conflict. The Stormcloaks were eventually allowed to leave, but Igmund's broken promise left a fissure that would eventually widen into the Stormcloak Rebellion. The Forsworn still remember the cruelty of the Nords who deposed them, and seek vengeance against all Nords as a result.
Driven from Markarth, the Forsworn spread across the Reach fortifying any defensible spot they could find. They are organized as a terrorist organization composed of a series of cells which attempt to strike fear into the hearts of their Nord occupiers. The ongoing disruption is popularly known as the Forsworn Rebellion. Many sellswords in the Reach are known to make most of their living by collecting on bounties posted for reputed Forsworn leaders. Forsworn attacks generally target non-Bretons found in the Reach. They have refused all attempts at making peace, seeing the only solution as the return of their land.
Forsworn equipment and weapons are made up of a distinguishing combination of fur, feathers, bones, and antlers, giving them a savage appearance. Their members sport a unique tribal garb and adopt many of the traditions depicted in The Legend of Red Eagle. The most archaic of their practices involves their reverence for Hagravens, which are treated as matriarchs in their society. The Hagravens offer leadership and access to a bizarre rite involving the removal and replacement of a person's heart and the following incantation:
- "Heart of thorn... bones of the wild... in life, Forsworn...
...rise from death, Blood of our Blood."
- Briarheart Ceremony
 See Also
- For game-specific information, see the Skyrim article.
- The Bear of Markarth by Arrianus Arius, Imperial Scholar — An account of Ulfric Stormcloak's short-lived independent reign over the Reach.
- The City of Stone by Amanda Alleia — A mercenary's guide to Markarth
- The Legend of Red Eagle by Tredayn Dren, Archivist of Winterhold — An ancient tale about the invasion of the Reach by the First Empire.
- The "Madmen" of the Reach by Arrianus Arius, Imperial Scholar — A defense of the Forsworn.
- ^ a b c The "Madmen" of the Reach:-A Cultural Treatise on the Forsworn — Arrianus Arius, Imperial Scholar
- ^ a b The City of Stone: A Sellsword's Guide to Markarth — Amanda Alleia
- ^ a b c d e f Events of Skyrim
- ^ a b The Holds of Skyrim:
A Field Officer's Guide
For Use by Officers of the Imperial Legion
- ^ a b c d The Bear of Markarth-The Crimes of Ulfric Stormcloak — Arrianus Arius, Imperial Scholar
- ^ a b An Explorer's Guide to Skyrim — Marcius Carvain, Viscount Bruma
- ^ Herbane's Bestiary:-Hagravens — Herbane
- ^ The Legend of Red Eagle — Tredayn Dren, Archivist of Winterhold